In the beginning of the school year, many 9th grade students dread having to walk into a mathematics classroom and try to understand all those incomprehensible symbols. This action research is an attempt to delve into how we can make mathematical language more relevant, meaningful, and valuable in our students’ lives. The research shows that reasoning and understanding is equally important as procedural skills. In fact, giving students time to explore and make sense of mathematical language and its’ purposes is necessary to engage in math fluency skills in meaningful, informed, and flexible ways. The research also demonstrates that to give students the resources they need to explore and interact productively with mathematical language, teachers need to frequently provide contextual examples that students can understand and relate to. Additionally, teachers need to carefully design materials and activities that will help reduce students’ cognitive load and help students organize everything they are learning in meaningful ways.

Exit Requirement

Action Research

Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Teaching (initial licensure)

Committee Chair

Joshua Schulze

Committee Member

Michael Jennings



Type (DCMI Terms)


Subject Categories


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