As an action research project (ARP), this paper seeks to analyze the educational practices of planning, instruction, and assessment as they align with Interstate Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (InTASC) standards. Specifically, this ARP seeks to understand current strategies, practices, and materials used in LGBTQ+ inclusive social studies classrooms and how improvement can be made at the middle school level. Themes such as gaps in research and lack of teacher support were identified through personal experience, a review of literature, and data collection. Findings suggest the most effective practice is that of a critical pedagogy that encourages students to question and seek answers regarding the marginalization of groups and narratives throughout history.
Date of Award
Master of Arts in Teaching (initial licensure)
LGTBQ+ inclusion, middle school, social studies, history, queer history, critical pedegogy
Type (DCMI Terms)
McClain, A. (2022). Representation at the End of the Rainbow: LGBTQ+ Representation in Middle School Social Studies (master's thesis). Western Oregon University, Monmouth, Oregon. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.wou.edu/theses/195
Western Oregon University Library has determined, as of 6/10/2022, this item is in copyright, which is held by the author. Users may use the item in accordance with copyright limitations and exceptions, including fair use. For other uses, please ask permission from the author at the email address listed above.
Rights Statement URL
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).