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Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Claudia A. Costagliola

Abstract

Resumen

Este trabajo estudia de forma breve, la relación del racismo y discriminación laboral hacia la comunidad afrodescendiente en Ecuador por medio de un análisis de los siguientes ámbitos de la discriminación laboral: Diferencia de empleos, salarios y beneficios laborales por etnia en ocupaciones del sector urbano. Esto con la finalidad de mostrar que dicho concepto aún existe hoy día en el país. La investigación se basa en fuentes que proveen datos sobre la composición étnica de Ecuador, porcentajes de empleo en el sector moderno, nivel de escolaridad, salario, pobreza y beneficios laborales por etnia. El ensayo, también incluye información de una encuesta, una entrevista y casos de discriminación en el trabajo como ejemplos de la existencia de este concepto. En conclusión, la investigación muestra que en efecto, el racismo laboral hacia las personas afrodescendientes en Ecuador está presente y sugiere que para terminar o al menos minimizar este conflicto, la sociedad debe dejar de categorizar a individuos en razas y promover la aceptación e inclusión de diferentes culturas.

Palabras clave: Racismo, discriminación laboral, etnia, afrodescendiente, afroecuatoriano, sector moderno.

Abstract

This work briefly studies the relationship of racism and employment discrimination towards the Afro-descendant community in Ecuador through an analysis of the following areas of employment discrimination: Differences in jobs, salaries and labor benefits by ethnicity in occupations of the urban sector. This in order to show that this concept still exists today in the country. The research is based on sources that provide data on the ethnic composition of Ecuador, percentages of employment, level of education, salary, poverty, and labor benefits by ethnicity. The essay also includes information about a survey, an interview, and cases of discrimination in the workplace as proof of the existence of this concept. In conclusion, the research shows that discrimination in the workplace towards people of African descent in Ecuador is present and suggests that to end or at least minimize this conflict, society must stop categorizing individuals in races and promote the acceptance and inclusion of different cultures.

Keywords: Racism, employment discrimination, ethnicity, afro-descendant, Afro-Ecuadorian, modern sector.

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