One hundred and seventy-five male inmates with a history of opioid misuse participated in Wisconsin’s residential substance abuse treatment programs. Nearing release, inmates completed surveys to report demographics, three life stressors (health, money, family), and two forms of opioid misuse (prescription opioid/opiate pain medications and heroin) during the year before incarceration. ANCOVAs illustrated that age and education were not associated with either prescription pain medication misuse or heroin use, but ethnicity was associated with heroin use, with Black inmates reporting less than White or other ethnicities. Multiple regression analyses comparing the three life stressors found that only money stressors were significantly associated with both forms of opioid misuse.

Author Bio

Durmus Alper Camlibel, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science at Claremont Graduate University, California. Dr. Camlibel is also a former police superintendent and served at the Turkish National Police from 2001 to 2018. He participated in the United Nations and the European Union projects in counter-narcotics trafficking. Dr. Camlibel teaches courses in policing, police deviance, criminal justice, crime prevention, terrorism, and narcotic drugs. His research interests include inmate violence, police stress, police service delivery, drug abuse, terrorism, and ethnic conflict. His email address is camlibed@uwosh.edu.

Salih Hakan Can, Ph.D. is a Full Professor of Criminal Justice at the Pennsylvania State University, Schuylkill. He earned his Ph.D. from Sam Houston State University. Dr.Can is also a retired police chief at the Turkish National Police and he worked with the Interpol, Drugs, and Fiscal Crimes sub-divisions. While working at the Law Enforcement Management Institute of Texas, he established a program called "Incident Command Simulation," which received funding and great recognition from the Department of Homeland Security. Additionally, he worked on multiple projects with the UN, Interpol, National Sheriff Association, and IACP at the Penn State University. Dr. Can has published 6 books, and over 69 articles (52 of them peer-reviewed). His email address is shc11@psu.edu.

Document Type

Original Research Article

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

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