Faculty Seminar Advisor

Benedict Lowe



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In 55 B.C., Julius Caesar was actively involved in a campaign against the native peoples of Gaul. The Gallic rebels had proven to be a challenge to the invading Roman armies which Caesar led from 58 to 52 B.C. However, in the midst of this conflict, Caesar made the unusual decision to turn his attention to a new locale, Britain. With one campaign currently underway, we must ask ourselves; why would Caesar turn his focus elsewhere when it wasn’t an imminent threat? What did he hope to accomplish by this action? What after-effects did Caesar’s campaign have on both Britain and Rome respectively? Caesar’s invasions in 55-54 B.C. had a dramatic effect on shaping the histories of both the Roman Empire and the Isle of Britain. His operations influenced the world in many different ways; economically, politically, and socially. Through the course of this paper, I shall attempt to identify what Caesar’s rationale was for invading and what he achieved based on Caesar’s own writings in conjunction with the archeological and historical evidence gathered through secondary sources. Then, I will analyze and compare the results of the invasion that Caesar believes he accomplished with modern historians’ views to determine the successfulness of his campaign. Along with challenging Caesar’s point of view concerning the Romano-British incursion, I will closely examine the impact of the Roman Empire on Britain society and vice versa.