Faculty Seminar Advisor

N/A

Department

History

Type (DCMI Terms)

Text

Document Type

Paper

Publication Date

2009

Abstract

Gaius Marius is responsible for developing the Roman Legion into what it is known for today. Not only did his reforms but also his conduct & tactics as a commander paved the way to victory over Jugurtha and future foes. By considering the claims of rival commanders during the war, Q. Caecilius Metellus (ca 160 BC – 91 BC) and L. Cornelius Sulla (c. 138 BC – 78 BC), it can be determined whether or not Marius truly deserved credit for the victory because each one of them played key roles in Jugurtha’s defeat. Marius’ reforms, while they significantly improved the Roman military, they would also cause dissent within the Roman nobility and eventually bring an end to the Republic.

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