Faculty Seminar Advisor

Dr. David Doellinger

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2014


The change with the coming of the Normans to the Welsh Marches was not as encompassing as scholarship indicates, based on primary source analysis. Castles and leadership in the Welsh Marches did indeed change, yet the economy continued to be fluid and semblances of nationalism scholars attribute to the last half of the eleventh century have been distorted. While a glimpse of the countryside and a history book will shout the word "CASTLES", there is more to the Norman arrival, to the people who lived in the region of the Welsh Marches, and to the Welsh, than simply the construction of new castles. Aspects such as the day to day lives of the inhabitants, the economic impact, the social structure, and the concept of nationalism in the Welsh Marches cannot be assumed to change based only upon the concept that with new overlords comes change to all aspects of life. The relevance of this endeavor is to better understand life in the Welsh Marches rather than attach the epithet "change" to what occurred with the arrival of the Normans, accomplished through analysis of surviving chronicles and administrative records as well as current scholarship done on the region.

PDF-A The Lion Looks West_ Change in the Welsh Marches During the Last.pdf (770 kB)
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