Faculty Advisor

John Rector

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Saudi Arabia has remained a staunch ally of the United States since 1945, the early days of the Cold War. The U.S. focused on Saudi Arabia as an ally in Southwest Asia mainly because of the U.S.’s need for oil in a modernizing world. But as the Cold War continued, Saudi Arabia served as a strong agent against the spread of Communism in the region. As the self-proclaimed Islamic leader to the Arab world, Saudi Arabia held, and continues to hold, significant influence over Arab nations in Southwest Asia. The U.S.’s promise of protection for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has lasted through the Cold War, which insinuates that the U.S. planned to use its connection with Saudi Arabia to expand its influence over the wider region known as the Middle East. Letters between U.S. presidents and the Saudi Arabian monarchy, letters between the U.S. State Department and officials of Saudi Arabia, and Western newspaper articles covering Saudi Arabia between 1945 and 1953 are the main sources used to examine the relationship established between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia. The U.S.’s intention in Southwest Asia was not only to stop the spread of Communism or protect American oil, but establish an authoritative presence in Southwest Asia through an alliance with Saudi Arabia.

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