Dr. Max Geier
Between 1880 and 1917 there was a dramatic shift in technology with the coming of mechanization. This dramatic process, which started just after the end of the American Civil War, in a Period of Transition (1870-1880) would continue to gain speed with the Period of Rapid Advances (1880-1900) in technology all the way to the start of the First World War with the Rapid Proliferation of Technology (1900-1917) into everyday life. As a result of these shifts loggers, mill owners and their respective associations that represented them and the logging industry as a whole, in the Pacific Northwest, were increasingly able to adapt to an increasingly changing economy and market.
Rosenblad, Jeremy D. "Technology and Adaptation in Logging." Department of History senior seminar thesis paper, Western Oregon University, 2013.