Fall 2012

Faculty Advisor

Dr. John L. Rector


This paper shows how academics and the Brazilian government suppressed Afro-Brazilian religions in Rio de Janeiro in the 1930s. Both United States and French anthropologists had a role in developing attitudes toward Afro-Brazilian religions. They corresponded with race attitudes about whitening the Brazilian population. Whereas prominent United States anthropologists often evidenced negative attitudes toward these religions, the French presented a much more positive perspective. These new attitudes created an environment for greater tolerance to religions formerly persecuted.

Document Type


PDF-A Afro-Brazilian Religious Suppression in 1920s and 1930s Rio de Ja.pdf (351 kB)
PDF/A Version