Beginning in 793CE, for more than two and a half centuries, the Norse raided, traded, settled, and came to political power in England. One fundamental document, finalized in c. 886CE, that signified a shift in Anglo-Saxon society was the treaty between King Alfred of Wessex and the Norse ruler, Guthrum. This political agreement accommodated Guthrum and later Norse people in Britain because it established defined areas of Norse control. This treaty was a precursor to what came in the late tenth century: Danish rule over England as a whole. As the Norse continued their activities in the British Isles during the ninth through eleventh centuries, this foreign culture confronted the Anglo-Saxons’ sense of their own identity, especially as the Norse and Anglo-Saxon relationship developed from raiding to settlement and integration.
Scholerman, Antonia, "Heathens to Christians: Exploring Norse Interactions with Anglo-Saxons and Notions of Medieval Identity" (2021). Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings. 285.
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