Faculty Seminar Advisor

Dr. John L. Rector

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

History

Document Type

Paper

Publication Date

Fall 2012

Abstract

This paper shows how academics and the Brazilian government suppressed Afro-Brazilian religions in Rio de Janeiro in the 1930s. Both United States and French anthropologists had a role in developing attitudes toward Afro-Brazilian religions. They corresponded with race attitudes about whitening the Brazilian population. Whereas prominent United States anthropologists often evidenced negative attitudes toward these religions, the French presented a much more positive perspective. These new attitudes created an environment for greater tolerance to religions formerly persecuted.

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