Peter Butler

Peter Butler (1789-1856) was born in Pulaski County, Kentucky, to John Butler and Elizabeth Dixon. He later moved to Barren County where he married his wife, Rachel Cook(e) Murphy (1788-1874) on July 25, 1811. He served as a Major in the War of 1812 and as Captain in the Black Hawk War of 1832 where his son Ira served under him. He moved first to Warren County, Kentucky in 1816, and then to Warren County, Illinois in 1830. In 1831 he surveyed and founded Monmouth, Illinois after turning down the opportunity to survey the new town of Chicago. In Monmouth he served as surveyor, sheriff, mayor, county commissioner, and one term in both the Illinois House of Representatives and Senate. His son Ira Butler and son-in-law Thomas Hutchinson helped found Monmouth University (now Western Oregon University). He and his wife had ten children, five of whom made the journey with them to the Oregon Territory in 1853, where he joined his son Elijah who had traveled there in 1850. Peter died of typhoid fever on June 24, 1856 and is buried with his wife in the Butler Davidson Cemetery. He died intestate, and a suit was brought against the remaining Butler family and their heirs in 1937 over their rights to land presumably owned by Peter Butler.

Children of Peter Butler:

Ira Frances Marion Butler (1812-1909); married Mary Ann Davidson (1814-1888) in 1835; buried in the Butler Davidson Cemetery
William Cooke Butler (1814-1891); married Rebecca Elam (Blanche) Lucas (1818-1891) in 1837
Eliza Ann D. Butler Ground (1816-1864); married Edward Ground (1809-1885) in 1834
John Murphy Butler (1818-1864); married Eliza Smith (1818-1858) in 1842
Joseph Franklin Butler (1820-1872); married Sarah Jane ?
Margaret C Butler Smith (1822-1871); married Isaac Smith (1816-1897) in 1840; buried with her husband in the Butler Davidson Cemetery
Elijah Davidson (Lides) Butler (1824-1858); married Sarah Elizabeth Lucas
James Whitman Butler (1826-1905); married Mary Ground (1836-1880)
Elizabeth (Lissie) Hannah Butler Hutchinson (1829-1866); married Thomas Hanna Hutchinson (1824-1860) in 1851 and Spencer W. Miser (1825-1904) in 1865; buried with her first husband in the Butler Davidson Cemetery
Isaac Butler (1831-1913); married Sarah Webb

Land Claim:

T9S R4W sec 17

For more information about the Butler family, please view the family biography.

To see photographs of the Butler family, please visit the photo gallery.

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Letters from 1856

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Letter to John Butler, Eliza (Smith) Butler, Lavina Butler and Erastus Butler from Peter Butler, Peter Butler and Elizabeth ("Lissie") Hutchinson

Letters from 1855

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Letter to John Butler and family from Peter Butler, Peter Butler

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Letter to John Butler and James Butler from Peter Butler and Rachel Butler, Peter Butler and Rachel Butler

Letters from 1854

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Letter to John Butler and James Butler from Peter Butler, Peter Butler

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Letter to John Butler from Peter Butler, Peter Butler

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Letter to John Butler from Peter Butler, Peter Butler

Letters from 1853

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Letter to John Butler and Eliza (Smith) Butler from Peter Butler, Peter Butler

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Letter to John Butler and Joseph Butler from Peter Butler, Peter Butler

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Letter to John Butler from Peter Butler (unsigned) , Peter Butler